Gout – Cause, Symptoms, Cure and remedies
This is painful metabolic disease resulting in inflammation and chalky deposits in the joints due to disturbance of the purine metabolism in the body. In Ayurveda this is known as vatarakta. In Ayurveda, gout is known as vatarakt, as the main dosha involved is vata and it affects rakt dhatu. Vitiation (impairment) of vata dosha and rakt dhatu is caused by increased intake of spicy, sour, salty, alkaline, heavy and penetrating foods. The impaired doshas travel through the channels of the body and get accumulated at the smaller joints causing damage to the tissues and bones of the joint resulting in vatarakt.
Impairment of digestion and metabolism because of the intake of mutually contradictory food articles and non-elimination of the metabolic waste products from the body are responsible for the causation of this diseases.Several causes are listed in Ayurveda, which causes Vatarakta are excessive intake of Lavana (salty), Amla (Sour), Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter), Kshara (alkaline), Snigdha (Too oily), and Ushna (Too hot) foods, eating dried & preserved or spoiled fish/meat, Ulavalu (Horsegram), Blackgram, Nishpava (anumulu, a bean variety), sour curd or buttermilk, incompatible foods like fish with milk products, drinking alcohol, daytime sleep, staying awake in the night, anger etc.
Sudden bouts of unbearable pain
Inflammation, tenderness in the joints
Gout attacks usually occur at midnight or early in morning
Affected joint becomes hot and swollen and is very sensitive to touch
Pain and swelling generally goes away after 1-2 weeks
The pain reoccurs after sometime in the same or some other joint
The characteristic features of this disease are the involvement of the big to in the beginning which becomes acutely painful and swollen. Gradually, other joints are involved and the patient experiences difficulty in walking, and even moving.
Since this disease is caused by vata, in the beginning panchatiktagritha is given to the patient in a dose of two teaspoonful’s twice daily, on empty stomach, mixed with warm milk.
For external application shoothara lepa is to be given.
Kaishora guggulu is one of the best and preferred medicines for this condition.
Haritri kalpa dose of one teaspoonfuls at bedtime with warm water
Freshly harvested rice and wheat should be avoid.
Old rice, wheat, moong dal, bitter gourd, papaya and green banana can be taken by the person.
Curd, and any other sour articles of food heavy food articles and fried things are prohibited.
The patient should not perform any violent exercise nor should sit idle.
Exposure to cold wind and rain, and cold water bath are strictly contra-indicated.