Ayurveda – Palasha and its medical importance
PALASHA belongs to fabaceae (legaminaceae) family. The Sanskrit word Palasha literally means that which looks like a flesh or blood. In English it is known by the name “flame of the forest”. The color of the flower is orange – red because of this color it is known by the name “flame of the forest”. This is the beautiful tree is sacred to soma, the moon is sacrificial and is frequently mentioned in the Vedas. Its flowered are offered to the gods. It is sometimes represented as a sacred tree of Buddhists.
It is the most important plants for the (ritual) according to Vedic literature. Its gum (red colored) is also described in Vedic texts. Palasha is considered as the best among the herbs and is quoted as Medhajanana in Kaushika sutra. Palasha paste is applied externally in case of ascites. It is also used in Krimiroga while Keshava Padhathi described it as Panacia. Palasha while considering it as Kaphapitta Prasamana. It is mainly indicated in Pramehapleehodara, vidharika and apatanaka. In Charaka Samhitha it is mentioned, that management of Athisara, rakthapitta, Kustha, Rakthagulma etc.
Palasha ahs got various synomys:
Kimsuka, Triparna, Beejasneha, Rakthapushpaka, Samidvuara, Brahma, Vriksha, Vatapoda, Brahmopanethra, Ksharashreshta, Yajnika, Putdru, Karma, Yajnaka, Ganeruka, Vatuparni, Dvijasneha, Trivrita
Parts of Palasha which is used widely are:
• Stem bark
• Gum – resin
All parts of Palasha contain components that are very useful in curing various diseases.
Properties of Seeds:
• Rasa : Katu , tikta, kashaya
• Guna : Laghu , snigdha , theekshna
• Veerya : Ushnaveerya
• Vipaka : Katuvipaka
• Dashagnatha : Kaphavathagna
• Prabhava : Bhagnasandhanaka
Properties of Flower:
• Guna : Laghu , Rooksha
• Veerya : Seethaveerya
• Vipaka: Madhuravipaka
• Dashagnatha: Kaphapittagna
For Fever: In case of burning sensation in fever, the tender leaves of palasha, badari or nimba – lemon should be pounded with sour gruel and this cold paste should be applied on the body to alleviate burning sensation.
For Diarrhoea: Decoction of palasha fruit mixed with milk should be given followed by intake of warm milk according to strength. By this, imparity is eliminated and this helps in curing diarrhoea.
For Cough: Palasha seeds, Udumbara fruits and Maricha taken together alleviates cough within 3 days.
For Fillariasis: Juice of palasha roots mixed with oil yellow mustard an equal quantity should be taken.
For Eye diseases
• For Pittika conjunctivitis
o Flowers of palsha should be subbed with honey and used as collyrium.
o Exuodate of palasha or shallaki mixedwith sugar and honey should be used as collyrium.
• For Pilla: Semi – solid extract of triphala or palasha flowers or apamarga should be used as collyrium.
• For Cornial opacity:
o Palasha seeds impregenated with phanijjaka juice are dries and powdered. It use as collyrium destroys corneal opacity.
o Karancha seeds impregenated many times with the juice of palasha flower is made in to a wick. Its application as collyrium destroys corneal opacity.
• For Cataract: In Pittika cataract, juice of palasha, rohitaka and madhuka mixed with honey and wine – scum should be made is to semisolid extract and then used as collyrium.
For Scorpion – sting: Palasha seeds impregnated with arka latex should be made in to a paste and applied locally. It removes pain.
For Pregnant care: One leaf of palasha pounded with milk should be taken by the pregnant woman .Thus she achieves powerful child.
For Intrinsic Haemorrhage:
• One should take ghee cooked with the juice of palasa plant cooled and mixed with honey or same processed with juice of nyagrodadi drugs or simply ghee extracted of milk and added with sugar.
• Ghee cooked with juice of palasa petioles and the paste of the same should be given with honey it checks bleeding similarly acts that cooked with trayamana.
For Worms: Decoction of palasa seed or paste of the same with rice water should be taken.
For Colic: Soup prepared with palasa or danyak mixed with sugar should be taken.
As Anti – Aging: Palasa seeds and vidanga mixed with juice of Aamlaki fruits, honey and ghee should be taken for a month. It makes the old young.