kadam

Ayurveda – Kadamba Herb

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Ayurveda – Kadamba Herb and its medical importance

Kadamba grows throughout India, especially at low levels in wet places. It is a medium sized tree, growing 15-20 meters in height, evergreen, with rounded crown. The bark is dark grey in color, frequently longitudinally fissured, exfoliating in thin scales. The leaves, resembling to those of madhuka, 30 cm long 10-15 cm broad, ovate, with prominent veins. The flowers are small, orange in color, in globose heads. The fruits, round like small balls, hard, yellow when ripe, sweet and sour in taste.

Anthocephalus cadamba Miq.
Synonym :- A. indicus A. Rich.
A. chinensis (Lam.) A. Rich. Ex Walp.
B.
Family :- Rubiaceae.
Habitat :- Assam, Bengal, southwards
to Andhra Pradesh and western
Ghats.
Names:
English :- Kadam.
Ayurvedic :- Kadamba, Priyaka, Vrtta-pushpa, Nipa, Halipriya. Kadambaka is equated with Adina cordifolia.
Siddha/Tamil :- Venkadambu, Vellai Kadambam.

Properties:
Kadamba is bitter, pungent and astringent in taste, pungent in the post digestive effect and has cold potency. It alleviates all the three dosas, predominantly kapha and pitta. It possesses light and dry attributes. By its special potency, it acts as vedanasthapana – analgesic and visaghna – detoxifies the toxins.

Uses:
ulcer, fever, vomiting, inflammation of eyes, urinary retention, cough, diarrhoea, burning sensation. effective remedy for diarrhoea, dysentery and colitis.

Benefits:
Internally, the decoction of bark skin is an effective remedy for diarrhea, dysentery and colitis. The juice of bark skin combined with cumin seeds and sugar alleviates vomiting. The excessive thirst in fevers is quenched with its fruit juice. Kadamba is the best panacea for raktapitta, edema and cough. The decoction of roots is salutary in urinary ailments like dysuria, urinary calculi and glycosuria. Menorrhagia is effectively controlled with the fresh juice of its leaves or their decoction. The fruit juice augments the quantity of breast milk in lactating mothers and also works well as a lactodepurant. Kadamba is rewarding in skin diseases as it improves the complexion of the skin. In burning sensation of the body and fever, the bark skin is commonly used. The bark skin and the fruits are salubrious in general debility.

Home remedies:
The roots, fruits, leaves, bark skin is used from medicinal purposes. Externally, the wounds and ulcers are dressed with its leaves slightly warmed) to alleviate the pain, swelling and for cleansing and better healing of wounds. The decoction of the leaves is also used for this purpose. The paste of its bark skin is benevolent in conjunctivitis, as an external application.

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